May Allah accept this noble effort of ours, make it a means of guidance for the Ummah and keep us steadfast on the straight path. Ameen.
1. THE VIRTUES OF THE FIRST TEN DAYS OF ZUL-HIJJAH:
Allah-Ta’aala has taken oath of the night in Suratul-Fajr of the Quraan. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has said: ”There is no better time to perform Ibaadat (devotion) of Allah Ta’aala than on the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah. A day’s Saum (fasting) in it, equals the Saum (fasting) of a year, and a night’s Ibaadah in it, equals the lbaadah of Laylatul Qadr”. (Tirmizi-Ibn Majah).
According to the majority. the ten nights-are those of the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah, especially the ninth, i.e. the Day of Arafah and the night preceeding the Eid Day. All these days are filled with special virtues. The observance of the saum (fast) of the ninth of Zul Hijjah (Day of Arafah) is a Kaffarah (atonement) of the fast and concerning year, and to remain awake on the night of Eid and perform lbaadah is a source of great virtue and Thawaab (reward).
2. THE FAST OF YOWM-E-ARAFAH:
Hazrat Abu Oatadah al-Ansari (R.A.) relates that Rasulullah (SAW) was asked about Saum (fast) on the day of Arafah (9th ZuI Hijjah). He said: “It compensates for the minor sins of the past year and coming year”.
The 9th day of the month of Zil-Haj is called Yowm-e-Arafah, If Yowm-e Arafah is observed in Saudi Arabia on Friday and in South Africa on Saturday. South African Muslims must treat Saturday as Yowm-e Arafah. Muslims are to calculate according to the Lunar dates of their own country. It is haraam to fast on (1) Eid·ul-Fitr; (2) Eid-ul-Adha and 3 days after Eid-ul-Adha.
3. THE NIGHT OF EID:
It Is related that Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Whoever stays awake and makes lbaadat on the nights of Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adha, his heart will not die on the day when all hearts will be dead”. (Targheeb).
Hazrat Muaaz ibn Jabal (RA) relates that Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Jannat is Wajib for those who stay awake with the intention of making Ibaadat on the following nights; 8th 9th and 10th of Zul Hijjah, the night of Eidul Fitr and the night of the Shabaan”. (Targheeb).
4. SUNNAT OF EIDUL ADHA:
It Is sunnat on the day of Edul Adha to:
- Awake earlier than usual
- Brush the teeth (Miswaak)
- Have a bath (Ghusal)
- Be well dressed in an Islamic manner
- Dress in your best clothes (Not necessarily new)
- Use Itr
- Perform Eid Namaaz at the Eidgah (Permanently fixed place for Eid Namaaz)
- Avoid eating before Eid Namaaz
- Go to the place of Namaaz early
- Walk to the place of the Eid Namaaz (If it is within distance)
- Read aloud the Takbeeraat on the way to the place of prayer. Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La-ilaha-illalahu wallahu Akbar Allahu Akbar walilahil hamd
- Use different routes to and from the place of Eid Namaaz.
5. THE EID PRAYERS
On the 10th day of the sacred month of Zil-Hajj the Muslims throughout the world gather together in Masjids or the Eid Grounds to perform two Rakaats Namaaz (Waajib). These two Rakaats Namaaz are not preceded by the Azaan or the Iqaamath, but by six Takbeers (ALLAHU AKBAR), three in the first and three in the second Rakaat. .
After the Muslims. have stood in the rows, The Imaam commences the Namaaz with the.”TAKBEER ULLA”, (ALLAHU AKBAR), in response to which all raise their hands up to the lobe of the ears and then fold their arms, thereafter reciting, the Sana (SUBHANA KALLA HUMMA WA BI HAMDIKA WA TA BARAKA A’SMOKA WA TA’AALA JADDUKA WA LA ILAHA GHAIROKA). The lmaam then recites loudly the three Takbeer lifting and dropping the hands after the first two and folding the arms after the third Takbeer. The Imaam then continues to recite the Sura Fatiha and another Sura and then the Ruku and the Sijdas, thus completing the first Rakaat of the Namaaz, after which he rises up completing the second Rakaat. In the second Rakaat, the three Takbeers are not recited before the Sura Fatiha and the Sura but the Imaam just recites loudly the last three remaining Takbeers before the Ruku. The followers in response to which all raise their hands to the lobes of the ears as in the first Rakaat and lower them to their sides. The Imaam then reads the fourth Takbeer after at which the Ruku is performed followed by the Sijdas and Salaams, thus completing the two Rakaats Namaaz.
Immediately after the completion of the two Rakaats Namaaz only the Imaam rises up and recites the two Khutbas (Sermons). It is essential that every Muslim should listen to the Khutbas attentetively (Wajib).
Courtesy of AlIslam.co.za